Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Eczema is a chronic, itchy skin inflammation that most frequently appears in early childhood. Symptoms fall on a wide range from mild to severe. Some people may find eczema to be merely a slight distraction, while others battle intense itching. A number of treatments can help ease symptoms and prevent or lessen the severity of flare-ups.


Eczema’s itchy, red, non-contagious rash can occur anywhere on the body but is predominantly found on the face, arms, and legs. In infants, it frequently encompasses large areas of the body. As patients get older, eczema more often appears in smaller patches such as behind the knees, on the neck, and inside the elbows. Skin can appear cracked and scaly, as well as raw and swollen due to scratching. Symptoms may come and go, with some patients outgrowing eczema entirely or experiencing only occasional flare-ups into adulthood.


While researchers have not pinpointed precisely what causes a person to develop eczema, they do believe that genetics combined with triggers cause the immune system to overreact and produce the inflammation that results in eczema’s chronic itchy rash. These triggers vary by patient but can include:

Diagnosis & Treatment Options

Our allergy specialists can identify eczema based on a skin examination and review of your medical history. While no cure exists, simple lifestyle adjustments can have a tremendous impact on symptoms, and we will help you navigate these options. Both prescription and non-prescription creams can prove helpful, as can as other medications depending on severity of symptoms. Do not let eczema treatment options overwhelm you! We can tailor a treatment plan to your individual situation.

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) Facts

Greater Austin Allergy Asthma & Immunology